JEFFERSON CITY — Republican Missouri Gov. Mike Parson's campaign on Wednesday announced it raised about $540,000 in recent months, outpacing the $445,000 brought in by Democratic challenger Nicole Galloway.

Those numbers are dwarfed by fundraising by independent political action committees, which rose in power after voters put limits on political donations directly to candidates in 2016. There are no limits on donations to PACs, which can work to bolster a candidate but cannot coordinate with the official campaign.

A PAC backing Parson raised close to $1 million in the latest reporting period, which covers October through December. Uniting Missouri PAC Chairman John Hancock said the committee has more than $5 million on hand to spend helping Parson in the gubernatorial race.

A pro-Galloway PAC has not yet reported recent fundraising.

The general election is Nov. 3.