It was standing room only Wednesday night, April 18, at the public hearing held by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources (DNR) on the proposed Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) to be built in Cooper County near Clarksburg if DNR approves the permit.  
The hearing, held at the Tipton Country Club community room, was packed with local farmers who expressed their concerns for the health implications of the CAFO permit requesting that PVC Management II, LLC construct a swine facility in Cooper County.  The Class 1C CAFO would include a gestation building housing 4,704 sows, a farrowing building housing 1,080 sows, and a gilt development unit for 1,620 females over 55 pounds and 324 nursery pigs under 55 pounds.   It would also include a composter for dead pigs.  
Thirty-four Cooper County citizens gave their comments which were limited to three minutes each.  Farmers and their spouses, some who are registered nurses, expressed their concerns with the possibility of ground water contamination, air quality contamination, water level depletion, loss of property values, and a fault line three miles from the proposed site which could compromise the concrete pits which would hold manure from the CAFO.  Of the 34 citizens who commented, 30 were opposed to the CAFO and four were in agreement.
The meeting began with DNR staff reading state regulations relating to the CAFO permit.   On January 31, 2018, DNR received the application which they are currently considering.
Concerns raised were:
-Contamination of ground water; several asked for a geological study of the environmental impact on the water supply; ground water is the only source of water in rural areas
-Large corporations are not held to the same standards as small farmers;  who will monitor the CAFO?
-2 wells at the CAFO would pump 25,000 gallons of water per day; nearby wells may go dry
-Many concerns about antibiotics from the hogs seeping into the water supply; Streams in Minnesota have been impaired from CAFO’s there
-In 2011 Missouri law changed to limit individuals’ rights if they are harmed by the effects of CAFO’s and in 2013 state laws changed so that DNR o longer inspect concrete pits which hold waste
-The land around the proposed CAFO is made of limestone and has sinkholes, which allow contaminated waste to enter ground water
-Swine waste is not what it was many years ago; there are now 150 pathogens including e coli and salmonella in hog waste
-The permit for the CAFO does not identify a well 300 feet from the site, 2 uncapped wells on the site nor 3 natural springs around the area
-Owners of the proposed CAFO are not citizens of Missouri and perhaps not the United States; they have no interest in the people here nor will they live near the site
-What provisions has DNR made for the endangered Topeka Shiner, an endangered fish in the streams in the area?   
-Pipestone made a plea bargain in Minnesota for water contamination there due to the CAFO’s
-John Eickerd from the University of Missouri has published several studies on waste water contamination; DNR needs to take them into consideration
-The permit does not include what will happen with the human waste from 15 to 17 employees of the proposed CAFO
-Export only manure does not have to follow the same regulations as small farmers
-DNR does not have the ability to shut down a CAFO per current state regulations; they cannot revoke a CAFO’s license to operate
-CAFO rules are more generous because DNR regulations for industrial agriculture under Export Only gives them extra license